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Environmental Values

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Environmental Values

Environmentalism: Spiritual, Ethical, Political

Michael Smith

Environmental Values 15(2006): 355-363. doi: 10.3197/096327106778226257


The normative foundations of the environmental movement can be thought of in a range of different ways. The present paper is a commentary on very interesting papers by Thomas Dunlap, Thomas Hill and Kimberly Smith, who take up the spiritual, ethical and political perspectives respectively. Their accounts are described and evaluated.

KEYWORDS: Environmental movement, death of environmentalism, nature, religion, intrinsic value, plural values, middle-level values, social contract, mutual accountability, Leopold, Rawls, Eckersley, Scanlon, Schellenberger, Nordhaus

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

Environmentalism, a Secular Faith. Thomas R. Dunlap

Finding Value in Nature. Thomas Hill Jr.

Natural Subjects: Nature and Political CommunityKimberly K. Smith

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