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Environmental Values

Addressing Needs in the Search for Sustainable Development: A Proposal for Needs-Based Scenario Building

Catherine Jolibert, Jouni Paavola and Felix Rauschmeyer

Environmental Values 23 (2014): 29-50. doi: 10.3197/096327114X13851122269007


This study presents the first assessment of how an approach based on meeting fundamental human needs can assist regional planning. It uses the Human-scale Development methodology, based on fundamental human needs as a theoretical and methodological framework for scenario building. It offers a structured approach on how non-monetary values and practices (i.e. satisfiers or ways to satisfy needs) can help to open up the planning process, highlighting a regional conflict. The study presents three dimensions of needs to address planning challenges. The data is taken from a case study of a deliberative process for regional planning in Western Europe. The relevance lies in the ways we can learn from individual values and practices, that when shared with others, (1) help to diagnose behaviours and trends toward environmentalism; (2) foster listening and understanding of people's sameness and differences that reduce conflict; and (3) provide a structured tool which predicts society dynamics and develops integrated solutions that facilitate sustainable regional development.


Needs, values, scenario, regional planning, sustainable development

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

Environmental Values and Human Purposes. Ted Benton

Participation and Environmental Governance: Consensus, Ambivalence and Debate. Harriet Bulkeley and Arthur P.J. Mol

What Silence Knows - Planning, Public Participation and Environmental Values Anna Davies

Social Practice and the Evolution of Personal Environmental Values. Sarah Hards

Climate, Collective Action and Individual Ethical Obligations. Marion Hourdequin

Ethical Obligations in a Tragedy of the Commons. Baylor L. Johnson

The Possibility of a Joint Communiqué: My Response to Hourdequin. Baylor Johnson

Sustainable Development: Needs, Values, Rights. Michael Redclift

Environment and Participation in a Context of Political Modernisation.Jan P.M. van Tatenhove and Pieter Leroy

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Editorial: Seeking Sustainability. Clive L. Spash

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