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Plants in Ethics: Why Flourishing Deserves Moral Respect

Angela Kallhoff

Environmental Values 23 (2014): 685-700. doi: 10.3197/096327114X13947900181518


'Flourishing' is a concept of the good life of plants which comprises an empirical and an evaluative aspect. In this article, I shall discuss this concept as a starting point for addressing the moral status of plants anew; I shall therefore first outline the content of flourishing as explained in botany. The article then explores the evaluative aspect of flourishing in the context of three questions. These questions are: how does the concept of flourishing fit into moral theory? Why do plants deserve a moral standing? And finally, what are the consequences of this approach to plants in ethics? The exploration of these questions contributes to a fine-grained perspective on the moral implications of the capacity of plants to flourish.


Flourishing, plants, moral respect, plant ethics, integrity

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Editorial: Ethical Intuitions, Welfare, and Permaculture. Isis Brook

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