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Environmental Values

Participation(s) in Transnational Environmental Governance: Green Values Versus Instrumental Use

Ayşem Mert

Environmental Values 28 (2019): 101-121. doi: 10.3197/096327119X15445433913596

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ABSTRACT

As crucial elements of green ideology, political participation and inclusiveness have become indispensable to democratic decision-making as green values gained ground across the world. It is often assumed that through the inclusion and participation of more stakeholders, the global environmental governance architecture has become increasingly democratic since the 1990s. This article asks whether civil society participation in the relevant United Nations platforms democratises transnational and global environmental governance, or simply simulates democratic participation without giving stakeholders the chance to contribute to policy decisions. First, building on Hannah Arendt's concept of political action I differentiate forms of participation based on different value systems. Then, following the historical development of participation narratives in the United Nations, I argue that participation has become increasingly instrumentalised and used to conceal other types of institutional change based on efficiency considerations and neoliberal values.


KEYWORDS

Participation, democratic deficit, United Nations, transnational partnerships, global environmental governance

REFERENCES to other articles in Environmental Values:

How to Get Out of the Multiple Crisis? Contours of a Critical Theory of Social-Ecological Transformation. Ulrich Brand

Participation and Environmental Governance: Consensus, Ambivalence and Debate. Harriet Bulkeley and Arthur P.J. Mol

Governing Climate Technologies: Is there Room for Democracy? Hayley Stevenson

CITATIONS in other Environmental Values articles

Editorial: Reconciling Ecological and Democratic Values: Recent Perspectives on Ecological Democracy. David Schlosberg, Karin Bäckstrand and Jonathan Pickering


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